production and preparation of artificial bone material has improved over the
last 15 years, and with it the number of applications for these materials has
grown to include:
• bone cement for joint implants – to improve
the attachment of the implant in bone and increase the lifetime of the implant
• replacement bone material - when donor bone material is not available
to repair damaged bone
• drug delivery systems – to enable local drug
delivery and control the release of the drug over time.
cement is used for the fixation of artificial implants and joints, such as hip,
knee and shoulder joints, to the skeleton by creating a tight space for the
implants to be secured or anchored
to the existing bone.